Yara Animal Nutrition South Africa

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Frequently Asked Questions

What is the difference between Kimtrafos 12 Grande and PhosSure 12?

Both Kimtrafos 12 Grande and PhosSure 12 contain 12 % phosphate. The two products however differ from each because PhosSure 12 is water resistant to combat lick losses in areas with a high rainfall. PhosSure is also more palatable than Kimtrafos 12 Grande and can be used when intake is a problem. The copper, manganese and zinc content of PhosSure 12 is also higher than that of Kimtrafos 12 Grande and can be used in areas with known deficiencies

Can Kimtrafos 12 Grande be replaced with PhosSure 12 and visa versa?

Yes, both products contain 12 % phosphate although PhosSure 12 is more palatable than Kimtrafos 12 Grande. If Kimtrafos 12 Grande is replaced by PhosSure 12, the Kalori 3000 (if there is any in the mixture), can be left out.

Does Kimtrafos 12 Grande, PhosSure 12, Kynofos 21 or Kalori 3000 contain any urea?

No, not any one of these products contains urea.

Does PhosPro 17 contain urea?

Yes, the product contains 5 % urea.

What is the difference between Kynofos 21/Kynofos 18 Grande and Kimtrafos 12 Grande/PhosSure 12?

Kynofos 21 and Kynofos 18 Grande contains a higher percentage phosphate - 21 and 18 % respectively- than Kimtrafos 12 Grande and PhosSure 12 which each contains 12 % phosphate.

Kynofos 21 and Kynofos 18 are also pure phosphate and calcium supplements, with no added molasses or molasses byproducts. Kynofos 21 and Kynofos 18 contains no trace minerals.

Kimtrafos 12 Grande as well as PhosSure 12 is enriched with molasses by products to make the products palatable. Kimtrafos 12 Grande and PhosSure 12 contains all the important trace minerals in the correct ration to phosphorous.

What can I give to male lambs to prevent bladder stones?

Add 5 kg ammonium chloride or 5 kg ammonium sulphate to a ton of feed that is to be fed to male animals.

How do I get Kalori 3000 back to a syrup?

Add 10 to 15 litres of water to 25 kg Kalori 3000 (1 bag) to make it a syrup again. The more water that is added, the thinner and less sticky the syrup will be. Remember that Kalori 3000 does not dissolve easily in cold water. Mix it with luke warm water to make a syrup.

When must I start giving a transition lick?

Transition licks are given during the late summer / autumn when the quality of the grass starts to decline and animals can no longer maintain condition on only a salt / phosphate lick. If it is however a dry year, you can start earlier with a transitional lick, keep an eye on your animals to see when they start losing weight.

When should I start with a winter lick?

Winter licks (protein licks) are usually given after the first good frost fell. If, however, it is a very dry year, look at the condition of the animals and, depending on their condition and quality of the grass, you can start earlier with a winter lick.

Can I give urea to pigs or chickens?

No, urea breaks down to ammonia and chickens and pigs cannot utilize it, it can cause their death.

A few of my animals shows signs of a P deficiency, while most show no signs of a P deficiency? Why is this happening and what can I do about it?

If one a few animal in a herd shows signs of a phosphate deficiency, you will notice that it is often the non-dominant animals showing these deficiencies. The reason for this is that they are chased away from the lick troughs by the dominant animals. They then never consume any lick and will, instead, eat rock salt if it is available. If such problems occur, increase the number of lick troughs and also move them further apart so the less dominant animals can also get a chance to eat lick. Remove all rock salt, a salt / phosphate lick provides enough salt to meet the animals' needs.

How much urea is safe for a sheep?

If sheep is adapted to urea, they can safely consume about 10 to 15 g of urea per animal per day.

How much urea is safe for a cow?

If cattle is adapted to urea they can safely consume 125 g urea per animal per day without any problems.

My lick contains 25% urea, will my cattle and / or sheep die when they consume such a lick?

The amount of urea in a lick is not as important as the intake of the lick and whether the animals are adapted to a lick. If a lick therefore contains 25 % urea, it means that animals can eat up to 500 g if they are adapted to urea, before any urea poisoning will occur as a 500 g lick intake will give a urea intake of 125 g per animal per day.

If animals are however, not adapted to urea, a lick containing only 10% urea can cause death. Most of KKAN's lick recipes contain about 16 % urea for cattle licks (10 % for sheep licks) and with an average intake of 500 g per animal per day (therefore 80 g urea per animal per day) licks are safe and urea poisoning should be virtually absent in well adapted animals.

How much sulphur should be fed with together with urea?

Add 2.5 kg of sulphur per 50 kg of urea in any ration.

How can I replace Molasses meal and Kalori 3000 with each other?

Replace 25 kg Kalori 3000 with 40 kg Molasses meal or vice versa.

Can I substitute maize with Molasses meal in maintenance and production licks?

In maintenance licks all the maize can be replaced with Molasses meal. In production licks one must preferably not replace more than a third of the maize with Molasses meal since it can lower the energy content of the lick which can lead to lower production.

How much phosphate must be supplemented to cattle and sheep/goats via a lick in the summer?

According to the animal feed law a minimum of 12 g phosphate must be supplemented to cattle per day and 2 g per sheep/goat per day via a lick.

How much phosphate must be supplemented to cattle and sheep/goats via a lick in the winter?

According to the animal feed law a minimum of 6 g phosphate must be supplemented to cattle per day and 1 g per sheep/goat per day via a lick.